There are approximately 5,000,000 km of paved roads in the European Union, of which around 65,100 km are motorways. The gross investment spending in road infrastructure in the wider 34 European countries in 2009 was over €82 billion[1] (at current prices and exchange rates). Whilst this represents a tremendous asset, there are numerous challenges; road […]

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Well-functioning and efficient roads and other transport infrastructure are essential for society to enable the delivery of goods and transport for work and leisure. With modern logistics chains based on just in time deliveries, this is more important still. Yet, roads and other transport systems do not cope well with extreme weather, whether through significant […]

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Roads have been in existence for the duration of human history, originating from animal tracks, through stone roads, smooth roads surfaced with tarmac and eventually modern roads, motorways and ‘smart’ roads containing ICT. We all therefore are extremely familiar with what a road is and what is used for; it is a surface on which […]

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